Gross National Happiness is a noble philosophy first thought by the fourth king of Bhutan, His Majesty JigmeSingyeWangchuk. It is different from GDP in that GDP focuses on consumerism and neglect many other important considerations like the environment and basic emotional aspects of human beings. GNH on other hand regards GDP as important but only as a means to achieve a higher end, which is emotional well-being. It focuses on human happiness as the central theme to overall development. The concept is born from the Buddhist philosophy that human desire is endless and that happiness results from being content with what we have, however small or insignificant that may be.
GNH is all about people’s happiness. The unique development philosophy stresses the importance of striking the right balance between the material and spiritual development and stresses that the two will have to take place side by side.